The most common types of equipment and machinery used on farms include tractors, balers, combines, plows, mowers, planters, and sprayers.
The agricultural operations for which modern machines are used are diverse. At the crop production level, they include:
some machines are Drones, Automatic InRow Weeder, Plant breeding and genetics, Fertilizer, Tillage planter, Sprayer, Drag, Plough, Combine, Tractor.
Technology has transformed agriculture to increase output and quality of yields. In this generation, farmers who are breaking their backs by using traditional agriculture tools are wasting their good health and time. Tractor that was once the talk of town as a technological genius in the field of agriculture sector is now old news. The strength of modern farm machinery has transformed the agricultural industry for the good. The following are the latest tools which are available to farmers and their uses.
It includes central pivot irrigation systems and pump units. It helps in the watering of crops at appropriate levels.
These are used to plough the soil and prepare it for cultivation. For eg., disk harrows, spike, drag, etc.
These implements are used to harvest the matured crops. For eg., trailers, diggers, pickers, etc.
These are used in the final agricultural activities such as hay-making, loading, shredding, etc.
Agricultural tools such as sickle, plough, hoe, drills, etc. are implemented in agricultural activities to make the process more productive and efficient. There are a large number of agricultural tools used by the farmers for cultivation.
It is usually derived from wood and is pulled by two bulls. It has been used since ancient times for tiling, turning the soil and adding fertilizers. It consists of a long wooden log called ploughshaft. It has a strong triangular iron strip known as a ploughshare. The other end is connected to a beam that is then placed on the bull’s neck. However, the wooden ploughs are now substituted by iron ploughs and it is drawn by tractors.Seed Drill
This is used for sowing seeds. This is done with the help of tractors. It makes sure that the seeds are sown at equal distances and depths and are covered with the soil. This allows plants to receive sufficient sunlight, nutrients, and water from the soil. This saves labour, time and protects the seeds from being eaten by birds or other animals.Cultivator
A plough attached to a tractor is called a cultivator. This reduces labour and saves time. It stirs the soil around the maturing crop to promote growth and destroy weeds.Hoe
Hoe has been used since ancient times for cultivation purposes. It consists of a long rod of wood and is pulled by the animals. It is pulled by the animals and is used for loosening the soil and removing weeds. It has a strong, broad, bent plate of iron which works as a blade.Traditional Tool
The traditional tool for sowing seeds is shaped like a funnel. The funnel is filled with seeds. The seeds are passed through two or three pipes with sharp ends. These ends enter into the soil and the seeds are placed there. Sickle, spade, axe, are some of the traditional agricultural implements used by the farmers. It is a labour and time-intensive agriculture practice.